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印尼奔牛賽Karapan sapi- Madura bull race
Karapan sapi is a traditional bull racing festival on the Indonesian island of Madura. Every year from about July through October, local bulls are yoked to wooden skids and raced for 130 meters, similar to a chariot race. There are several of these races throughout the season, and there is a final trophy race held in Pamekasan. The bulls participating in the event are adorned with gold and other decorations, and the event may be accompanied by Gamelan music, food, and wagers on the outcome of the race. A depiction of the festival was featured on the reverse of the 100 rupiah coin for Indonesia from 1991 to 1998. Indonesian stamp in 2009 also depicted the race along with Surabaya–Madura Bridge.
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Akita dog "Wasao" Great thoughtfulness of Mom!
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Kidney disease and high blood pressure
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|What are the symptoms of kidney disease?
In the early or mild stages, kidney disease may have no signs or symptoms. This means that it can sometimes be difficult to detect. In some cases you may notice changes in your body, such as:
Changes to your urine (colour and smell, or how much or how often you go)
Swelling of your legs, hands or face
Tiredness, or feeling unwell
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|ow is kidney disease diagnosed?
If you have high blood pressure, you will probably have tests on your kidneys. This is because high blood pressure can raise your risk of kidney disease. In the first instance, your doctor my try one or both of the following:
a urine test, to check for protein or blood (which can be signs of kidney disease)
a blood test to measure how much fluid your kidneys can filter in a minute (this is called your GFR or glomerular filtration rate). A low GFR means that your kidneys are not working properly.
If these tests show that you have some degree of kidney disease, your doctor may suggest an ultrasound scan of your kidneys. This can help to show where the damage is and how severe it is.
Can kidney disease be treated?
In the very early stages, kidney disease may need little or no treatment. However, kidney disease also raises your risk of heart disease and stroke, and your doctor will want to ensure that this risk is as low as it can be.
Controlling your blood pressure is an important way to reduce kidney disease, and to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. Your doctor will want to ensure that your blood pressure is lower than 140/90 mmHg, and in some cases as low as 130/80 mmHg.
ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers are usually the first choice of blood pressure medicine for someone with kidney disease. This is because they help protect the kidneys against further damage. If these medicines do not lower your blood pressure enough then other blood pressure medicines can be used.
If you have diabetes as well as high blood pressure, it is extremely important to keep this controlled. Diabetes can cause serious damage to your kidneys if it is not treated properly.
What can I do for myself?
Your doctor will be able to advise you about making lifestyle changes to help reduce the effects of kidney disease. They may suggest any of the following:
eating a healthier diet, and reducing the amount of salt you eat
increasing the amount of regular exercise you get
losing weight if you need to
cutting back on alcohol.
As well as helping your kidneys, these lifestyle changes will help lower your blood pressure and keep your blood sugar controlled. This will also help to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.
If your kidney disease is more severe your doctor may suggest a special diet to reduce the amount of waste products your body produces. This will give your kidneys less work to do.
If you have kidney disease, it is very important that you do not use salt substitutes such as Lo-Salt. These products contain a lot of potassium and, if your kidneys are not working properly, potassium can build up, which can lead to health problems.
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|獵桑, 紹介 波濤萬丈的鵰式開球! ^^
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